Slovakia, long shape of the Slovak Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It has an area of 49,035 square kilometers and are home to approximately 5.43 million inhabitants. It borders with the Czech Republic (251.8 km), Austria (107.1 km), Poland (541.1 km), Ukraine (97.8 km) and Hungary (654.8 km) . The main and most populated city is Bratislava.
The first state formation of Slavs on the territory of Slovakia was Samo's Empire (seventh century) and later Principality of Nitra (early 9th century), whose connection with the Moravian principality arose in Great Moravia in 833. In the first half of the 9th century to incorporate the territory of Slovakia to Hungary (since 1866 Austria-Hungary). After the collapse of Austria-Hungary in 1918, Slovakia was part of Czech-Slovakia until 1993 (except during the period of independence during the First Slovak Republic). 1st January 1993 was the division of state formation independent Slovak Republic.
The Slovak Republic is a parliamentary democracy, the official language is Slovak. From 1 May 2004 Slovakia joined the European Union, 21 December 2007 is a member of the Schengen area. From 1 January 2009 is 16 member of the European Monetary Union - the euro area and became the official currency of the euro, followed by a Slovak crown. Joining the euro will complete the process of integration into the European Union.